(excluding butterflies, moths, and dragonflies and damselflies)

by Christine Hanrahan

We generally pay little heed to insects, other than those that have captured the popular imagination, such as bees, dragonflies, and butterflies. Yet there is a whole world of wonder to be found among the other insect orders. Howard Ensign Evans, an eminent entomologist, called his book on insects “Life on a little known planet,” and that is as good a summation as any of how we view, or don’t view, the insects around us, many of which are beneficial pollinators.

Conservative estimates put the number of known insects worldwide at somewhere around a remarkable 900,000 species. Scientists believe there are probably millions of unnamed and undiscovered insects globally.

At the Fletcher Wildlife Garden (FWG), we have inventoried over 270 species of insects, a mere fraction of the multitude on our 5-hectare site and a minute percentage of the insects worldwide. But they are “our” insects and we are thrilled to have them grace the garden.

We hope that this brochure will encourage you to learn more about the insects around us. Please let us know if you see any that are not on this list.

At the FWG, we don’t encourage collection of anything including insects. Leave them there to get on with their lives, and give others a chance to enjoy them.

Field Cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus), female; photo D. Gordon E. Robertson

Net-winged Beetle (Caenia dimidiata); photo D. Gordon E. Robertson

Insect watching

If you are interested in bugs, beetles and all the other types of insects in general, you don’t really have to travel far to see them. Often no further than your back yard or your local greenspace.

Insect watching, as with any aspect of nature activity, requires patience. It also pays to study up on these fascinating creatures beforehand, so that by understanding something about their ecology and life cycle, their occurrence in your area, and their status (common or rare) and seasonality, you have a better idea of when, where, and how to look.

Many insects are seasonal
Cicadas are synonymous with summer heat. Springtails or snow fleas, on the other hand, are best seen on warm winter days when they dot the snow like tiny black specks of pepper. But a surprising number of insects are present from spring through summer and even into fall. The ubiquitous bumblebee (of which there are many species), various wasps, the colourful and diverse flower or hover flies, the familiar lady beetle (a generic term for a variety of similar species), and some crickets, are all examples of insects found through several seasons.

There are many ways to watch insects
Some people prefer to use an insect net to “sweep” the vegetation and see what they catch. Others like to find a suitable looking habitat and patiently watch and wait.

  • With a good pair of binoculars, you can get excellent close up views of many insects.
  • Small plastic bottles with lids can be used to gently capture an insect for a closer look and to help in identification.
  • A hand lens is useful when you have an insect in hand, but in general most insects won’t wait around for you to get nose to nose with them.
  • Digital cameras are another good way to “look” at insects. Taking macro photographs and viewing them at home on your computer screen where you can enlarge the image will reveal details you do not see with the naked eye and can help in identification.

Species identification

On our inventory list, many insects have not been identified to species or even to genus. Although some insects are relatively easy to identify, most are more difficult and cannot be classified based on sight records alone. In many cases, we have written either “several species” or “3+” or “5+ species” for a particular family. This reflects the difficulty of identification. We know we have seen different species within a family, but that is as far as we’ve got thus far.

Many insects do not have common names. Only butterflies, dragonflies, and to a lesser extent moths have been given easily recognizable common names. Most other insects are known only by their scientific name. This is also why in many cases we have written the name of the family, for example, Caddisflies, followed by the number of species.

Accurate identification often means many hours looking through a microscope with technical manuals to hand. However, with experience, determination, and a lot of field time, you should be able to place an insect at least into class, often into family, and sometimes into genus.

Short-winged Blister Beetle (Meloe angusticollis); photo D. Gordon E. Robertson

Hover fly, possibly Criorhina sp., a bumblebee mimic; photo Christine Hanrahan


One of the most fascinating aspects of insects is their mimicry. It is also one of the things that makes identification a real challenge. Many insects mimic bees and wasps to such an astonishing extent that, it is only with experience of these insects in the field, that you can with some certainty, determine what they are. Robber flies and some hover flies, for example, are superb bumblebee mimics. Other hover flies are dead ringers for wasps. However, flies have two wings, while bees and wasps have four, although you can’t always see the four wings!

Photo at right: Hover fly, possibly Criorhina sp., a bumblebee mimic, by Christine Hanrahan.

Insects found at the FWG

Note: This list excludes butterflies, moths, and dragonflies and damselflies.

* Non-native species
♦ = species found only during BioBlitz 1997

♦Entomomobyidae sp. Springtail
♦Isotomidae sp. Springtail
♦Sminthuridae, 2 spp. Springtails

Ephemeroptera, 3 spp. Mayflies

For photos, see our
Mantids gallery
*Mantis religiosa European mantis

*Forficula auricularia European earwig

For photos, see our
Grasshoppers, crickets, and katydids gallery
Acrididae Spur-throated grasshoppers
Chortophaga viridifasciata Northern green-striped grasshopper
Melanoplus bivittatus Two-striped grasshopper
Melanoplus femurrubrum Red-legged grasshopper
Melanoplus punctulatus Pine-tree Spur-throated Grasshopper
Gryllidae House and field crickets
Gryllus pennsylvanicus Field cricket
Oecanthus sp. Tree cricket
Rhaphidophoridae Camel crickets
Ceuthophilus sp. Camel cricket
Tettigoniidae Shield-backed grasshoppers and their relatives
*Metreoptera roeselii Roesel’s katydid
Pterophylla sp. Katydid
Scudderia sp.? Bush katydid

For photos, see our
Bugs gallery
Alydidae Flat-headed bugs
Alydus sp. Flat-headed bug
Aphidae Aphids
Aphid sp. Aphid
*Aphis nerii Oleander aphid
Uroleucon helianthicola Aphid
Belostomatidae Giant water bugs
Belostomatidae sp. Giant water bug
Cercopidae Spittlebugs
Clastoptera proteus Dogwood spittlebug
Lepyronia coleoptrata Spittlebug
*Philaneus spumarius Meadow spittlebug
Cicadidae Cicadas
Tibicen canicularis Dog-day cicada
Cicadellidae Leafhoppers
Amblysellus curtisii Leafhopper
*Aphrodes sp. Leafhopper
Cicadellidae sp. Leafhopper
Coelidia sp. Leafhopper
Colladonus clitellarius Saddled Leafhopper
Diplocolenus sp. Leafhopper
Draeculacephala zeae Leafhopper
*Fieberiella florii Privet Leafhopper
Graphocephala coccinea Leafhopper
Gyponana octolineata Leafhopper
Idiocerus sp. Leafhopper
Neokalla heiroglyphica Leafhopper
Prescottia lobata Leafhopper
Coreidae Leaf-footed bugs
Leptoglossus occidentalis Western conifer seed bug
Cynidae Burrowing bugs
Sehirus cinctus Burrowing bug
Derbidae Planthoppers
Cedusa sp. Planthopper
Flatidae Planthoppers
Metcalfa pruinosa Planthopper
Issidae Planthoppers
Acanalonia sp. Planthopper
Lygaeidae Seed bugs
Lygaeus kalmii Small milkweed bug
Oncopeltus fasciatus Large milkweed bug
Membracidae Treehoppers
Acutalis brunnea Treehopper
Campylenchia latipes Treehopper
Ceresa sp. Treehopper
Ceresa alta Buffalo treehopper
Cyrtolobus sp. Treehopper
Enchenopa binotata Treehopper
Entylia carinata Treehopper
Publilia sp. Treehopper
Smilia camelus Camel treehopper
Telamona sp. Treehopper
Telamona concava Treehopper
Miridae Plant bugs
Lopidea media Plant Bug
Lygus lineolaris Tarnished Plant Bug
*Megaloceroea recticornis Plant Bug
Miris dolabratus Meadow plant bug
Neurocolpus nubilus Plant bug
Poecilocapsus lineatus Four-lined plant bug
Taedia sp. Plant Bug
Nepidae Water scorpions
Ranatra sp. Water scorpion
Notonectidae Backswimmers
Notonecta sp. Backswimmer
Pentatomidae Stink bugs
Acrosternum sp. Green stink bug
Banasa dimidiata Stink bug
Cosmopepla bimaculata Two-spotted stink bug
Euschistus servus Brown stink bug
Pentatomidae sp. Stink Bug
Picromerus bidens Predatory Stink Bug
Phymatidae Ambush bugs
Phymatidae sp. Ambush bug
Reduviidae Assassin bugs and thread-legged bugs
Sinea sp. Assassin bug
Zelus sp. Assassin bug
Rhopalidae Scentless plant bugs
Arhyssus sp. Scentless plant bug
Boisea trivittata Box elder bug
Harmostes reflexulus Scentless plant bug
Saldidae Shore bugs
Salda sp. Shore bug
Tingidae Lace bugs
Dictyla echii Lace bug

♦Thysanoptera, 2 spp. Thrips
Aeolothripidae Banded thrips
♦Aeolothripidae, 2 spp. Banded thrips
Aelothrips fasciatus Banded wing thrips

♦Trichoptera, 3+ spp. Caddisflies
Leptoceridae Longhorned caddisflies
Triaenodes marginatus Caddisfly
Hydropsychidae Net-spinning caddisflies
Macrostemum zebratum Caddisfly

For photos, see our
Nerve-winged insects gallery
Chrysopidae Green lacewings
Chrysoperla sp. Common green lacewing
Mantispidae Mantisflies
Climaciella brunnea Brown mantidfly

For photos, see our
Beetles gallery
Buprestidae Metallic wood-boring beetles
Agrilus cyanescens Metallic wood-boring beetle
Cantharidae Soldier beetles
Cantharis sp. Soldier beetle
Chauliognathus pensylvanicus Pennsylvania leatherwing
*Rhagonycha fulva Common red soldier Beetle
Carabidae Ground beetles
Carabidae sp. Ground beetle
Bembidion castor Ground beetle
Brachinus sp. Bombardier beetle
Calleida punctata Ground beetle
Cicindela sexguttata Six-spotted tiger beetle
Lebia solea Ground beetle
Cerambycidae Long-horned beetles
Megacyllene robiniae Locust borer
Neandra brunnea Pole borer beetle
Tetraopes tetrophthalmus Red milkweed beetle
Typocerus velutinus Flower longhorn
Chrysomelidae Leaf beetles
Acalymma vittatum Striped cucumber beetle
Baliosus sp. Leaf-mining leaf beetle
Calligrapha californica California calligrapher
Calligrapha philadelphica Dogwood calligrapher
Charidotella sexpunctata bicolor Golden tortoise beetle
Chrysocus auratus Dogbane beetle
Deloyala guttata Tortoise beetle
Diabrotica barberi Northern corn rootworm
Disonycha sp. Leaf beetle
Donacia sp. Long-horned leaf beetle
*Galerucella calmariensis Loosestrife leaf beetle
Lema daturaphila Three-lined potato beetle
Microrhopala excavata Leaf beetle
Plagiodera versicolora Willow leaf beetle
Plagiometriona clavata Clavate tortoise beetle
Trirhabda canadensis Goldenrod leaf beetle
Zygogramma suturalis Ragweed leaf beetle
Cleridae Checkered beetles
Trichodes nutalli Checkered beetle
Coccinellidae Lady beetles
Anatis labiculata Fifteen-spotted lady beetle
Brachiacantha ursina Lady beetle
Chilocorus sp. Twice-stabbed lady beetle
Coleomegilla maculata Spotted lady beetle
*Coccinella septempunctata Seven-spotted lady beetle
*Harmonia axyridis Asian lady beetle
*Hippodamia variegata Variegated lady beetle
*Propylaea quatuordecimpunctata Fourteen-spotted lady beetle
Psyllobora vigintimaculata Twenty-spotted ladybeetle
Scymus sp. Lady beetle
Curculionidae Weevils
*Cleonis piger Large thistle weevil
Hylurgopinus rufipes Native elm bark beetle
*Otiorhynchus raucus Broad-nosed weevil
♦ *Phyllobius oblongus European snout weevil
*Polydrusus impressifrons Green leaf weevil
Rhyssomatus lineaticollis Milkweed stem weevil
Elateridae Click beetles
Elateridae sp. Click beetle
Endomychidae Handsome fungus beetles
Endomychus sp. Handsome fungus beetle
Hydrophilidae Water scavenger beetles
Helophorus sp. Water scavenger beetle
Lampyridae Fireflies
Lucidota atra Black firefly
Photinus sp. Firefly
Lucanidae Stag beetles
Dorcus parallelus Antelope beetle
Lycidae Net-winged beetles
Calopteron reticulatum Net-winged beetle
Melandryidae False Darkling Beetles
Dircaea liturata False Darkling Beetle
Meloidae Blister beetles
Epicauta fabricii Blister beetle
Epicautus pensylvanica Black blister beetle
Lytta sayi Green blister beetle
Nemognatha sp. Blister beetle
Melyridae Soft-winged Flower Beetles
Anthocomus sp. Soft-winged Flower Beetle*
Mordellidae Tumbling flower beetles
Mordellistena sp. Tumbling flower beetle
Mycetophagidae Hairy Fungus Beetles
Mycetophagus sp. Hairy Fungus Beetle
Nitidulidae Sap-feeding beetles
Glischrochilus sp. Sap-feeding beetle
Phalicridae Shining flower beetles
Phalacridae sp. Shining flower beetle
Pyrochroidae Fire-coloured beetles
Pedilus elegans Fire-coloured beetle
Scarabaeidae Scarab beetles
Amphimallon majale European chafer
Dichelonyx sp. Scarab beetle
Macrodactylus subspinosus Rose chafer
Osmoderma scabra Flower scarab
Pelidnota punctata Spotted pelidnota
Phyllophaga sp. June beetle
*Popillia japonica Japanese beetle
Silphidae Carrion beetles
Nicrophorus tomentosus Burying beetle
Staphylinidae Rove beetles
♦Aleocharinae sp. Obscure rove beetle
Carpelimus sp. Spiny-legged rove beetle
Tenebrionidae Darkling beetles
Bolitotherus cornutus Forked fungus beetle

For photos, see our
Flies gallery
Agromyzidae Leaf-mining flies
Agromyzidae, several spp. Leaf-miners
Chromatomyia sp. Leaf/stem miner
Anthomiidae Root maggot flies
♦Anthomiidae, several spp. Anthromiid flies
Asilidae Robber flies
Asilidae sp. Robber fly
Dioctria sp. Robber fly
Dioctria baumaueri Robber fly
Dioctria hyalipennis Robber fly
Laphria janus Robber fly
Bombyliidae Bee flies
Bombylius sp. Bee fly
Bombylius major Bee fly
Exoprosopa decora Bee fly
Poecilanthrax tegminipennis Bee fly
Sparnopolius confusus Bee fly
Villa cf. alternata Bee fly
Calliphoridae Blow flies
♦Calliphoridae, several spp. Blow flies
Lucilia sp. Greenbottle fly
Cecidomyiidae Gall midges
Cecidomyiidae, several spp. Gall midges
Asphondylia monacha Gall midge
Rhopalomyia solidaginis Goldenrod gall midge
Schizomyia impatiens Jewelweed gall midge
Ceratopognidae Biting midges
Ceratopognidae sp. Biting midge
Chironimidae Midges
♦Chironimidae, several spp. Midges
Stenochironomus hilaris Midge
Chloropidae Grass flies, eye flies, and fruit flies
♦Chloropidae, 4 spp. Frit flies
Conopidae Thick-headed flies
Physocephala sp. Thick-headed fly
Zodion sp. Thick-headed fly
Zodion intermedium Thick-headed fly
Culicidae Mosquitoes
Anopheles sp. Mosquito
Coquillettidia pertubans Mosquito
Dolichopodidae Long-legged flies
Argyra albicans Long-legged fly
Argyra rogusta Long-legged fly
Chrysotus obliquus Long-legged fly
Condylostylus sp. Long-legged fly
Dolichopus albicoxa Long-legged fly
Dolichopus canadensis Long-legged fly
Empididae Dance flies
Platypalpus sp. Dance fly
Rhamphomyia longicauda Dance Fly
Ephydridae Shore flies
Hydrellia sp. Shore fly
Notiphila sp. Shore fly
Parydra sp. Shore fly
Scatella sp. Shore fly
Heleomyzidae Heleomyzid flies
Suillia sp. Heleomyzid fly
Lonchopteridae Spear-winged flies
Lonchoptera furcata Pointed-wing fly
Micropezidae Stilt-legged flies
Compsobata sp. Stilt-legged fly
Muscidae Muscid flies
*Coenosia tigrina Muscoid fly
Lispi sociabilis Muscoid fly
Muscina assimilis Muscoid fly
Schaenomyza litorella Muscoid fly
Mycetophilidae Fungus gnats
Orfelia sp. Fungus gnat
Phoridae Scuttle flies
♦Phoridae sp. Hump-backed fly
Pipunculidae Big-headed flies
Pipunculus sp. Big-headed fly
Platystomatidae Platystomatid flies
Rivellia sp. Platystomatid fly
Ptychopteridae Phantom crane flies
Bittacomorpha clavipes Phantom crane fly
Rhagionidae Snipe flies
Rhagio lineola Small fleck-winged snipe fly
Sarcophagidae Flesh flies
Sarcophagidae, several spp. Flesh flies
Scathophagidae Scathophagid flies
Americina adusta Dung fly
Scathophaga furcata Dung fly
Scathophaga stercoraria Golden dung fly
Sciomyzidae Marsh flies
Tetanocera sp. Marsh fly
Sepsidae Antlike scavenger flies
Enicomira minor Black scavenger fly
Sepsis sp. Black scavenger fly
Stratiomyidae Soldier flies
Allognosta obscuriventris Soldier fly
Hedriodiscus sp. Soldier fly
Syrphidae Flower flies or hover flies
Allograpta obliqua Hover fly
Chalcosyrphus curvaria Hover fly
Epistrophe sp. Hover fly
Eristalis sp. Hover fly
Eristalis arbustorum Hover fly
Eristalis dimidiata? Hover fly
Eristalis flavipes Hover fly
Eristalis tenax Hover fly
Eristalis transversa Hover fly
Eupeodes sp. Hover fly
Helophilus sp. Hover fly
Lejops lineatus Hover fly
Lejops subgenus Anasimyia Hover fly
Melangyna lasiophthalma Hover fly
Paragus angustifrons Hover fly
Parhelophilus laetus Hover fly
Platycheirus quadratus Hover fly
Somula decora Hover fly
Sphaerophoria sp. Hover fly
Spilomyia longicornis Hover fly
Spilomyia sayi Hover fly
Syrphus sp. Hover fly
*Syritta pipiens Hover fly
Temnostoma alternans Hover fly
Temnostoma balyras Hover fly
Temnostoma barberi Hover fly
Toxomerus geminatus Hover fly
Toxomerus marginatus Syrphid fly
Tabanidae Horse flies
Tabanus atratus Horse fly
Tachinidae Parasitic flies
Cryptomeigenia simplex Parasitic fly
Cylindromyia interrupta Parasitic fly
Gymnosoma sp. Parasitic fly
Hemyda aurata Parasitic fly
Panzeria sp. Parasitic fly
Parasetigena silvestris Parasitic fly
Winthemia quadripustulata Parasitic fly
Tephritidae Fruit flies
Drosophila sp. Pomace fly
Euaresta bella Fruit fly
Eurosta solidaginis Goldenrod gall fly
Eutreta noveboracensis Fruit fly
Strauzia longipennis Sunflower maggot
Therevidae Stiletto flies
Pandivirilia sp. Stiletto fly
Tipulidae Crane flies
Erioptera mesopthalma Crane fly
Ulidiidae Picture-winged flies
Callopistromyia annulipes Picture-winged fly
Chaetopsis sp. Picture-winged fly
For photos, see our
Bees and wasps gallerySee also
Bee and wasp mimics
Andrenidae Andrenid bees
Andrena spp. Andrenid bee
Andrena cressonii Andrenid bee
Andrena dunningi Andrenid bee
Andrena miserabilis Andrenid bee
Andrena nasonii Andrenid bee
Andrena rufosignata Andrenid bee
Andrena vicina Andrenid bee
*Andrena wilkella Andrenid bee
Apidae Cuckoo, carpenter, digger, bumble, and honey bees
Anthophora terminalis
*Apis mellifera European Honey Bee
Bombus sp. Bumble bee
Bombus bimaculatus Two-spotted Bumble Bee
Bombus fervidus Yellow Bumble Bee
Bombus griseocollis Brown-belted Bumble Bee
Bombus impatiens Common Eastern Bumble Bee
Bombus rufocinctus Red-belted Bumble Bee
Bombus ternarius Tri-colored Bumble Bee
Ceratina sp. Small Carpenter Bee
Ceratina mikmaqi Mikmaq Ceratina
Holcopasites calliopsidis Cuckoo Bee
Melissodes druriella Digger Bee
Nomada sp. Cuckoo bee
Argidae Argid sawflies
Arge sp. Sawfly
Arge coccinea Agrid Sawfly
*Arge ochropa Imported Rose Sawfly
Braconidae Braconid wasps
Braconidae, 5+ spp. Braconid wasps
Dusona sp. Braconid wasp
Chrysididae Cuckoo wasps and their relatives
Chrysis sp. Cuckoo wasp
Colletidae Plasterer bees and yellow-faced bees
Colletes inequalis Plasterer bee
Hylaeus sp. Plasterer bee
Crabronidae Digger wasps and relatives
Bicyrtes sp. Sand wasp
Ectemnius sp. Digger wasp
Philanthus sp. Bee wolf
Cynipidae Gall wasps
Diplolepis rosae Rose gall wasp
Eulophidae Eulophid Wasps
Eulophus sp. Eulophid Wasp
Formicidae Ants
Formicidae, 3 spp. Ants
Halictidae Sweat bees and their relatives
Agapostemon sp. Sweat bee
Augochlora pura Sweat bee
Augochlorella aurata Sweat bee
Augochloropsis metallica Sweat bee
Halictus confusus Sweat bee
Halictus ligatus Sweat bee
Halictus rubicundus Sweat bee
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) sp. Sweat bee
Sphecodes sp. Sweat bee
Ichneumonidae Ichneumonid wasps
Diplazon laetatorius Ichneumonid wasp
Ichneumonidae, 5+ spp. Ichneumonid wasps
Megarhyssa macrurus Megarhyssa wasp
Melanichneumon sp. Ichneumonid wasp
Netelia sp. Ichneumonid wasp
Ophion sp. Parasitic wasp
Orgichneumon calcatorius Ichneumonid wasp
Trogus pennator Ichneumonid wasp
Leucospidae Chalcid wasps
Leucospis affinis Chalcid wasp
Megachilidae Leafcutter bees, mason bees, and relatives
*Anthidium manicatum Wool carder bee
Coelioxys moesta Cuckoo leafcutter bee
Coelioxys porterae Cuckoo leafcutter bee
Coelioxys rufitarsis Cuckoo leafcutter bee
Heriades carinatus Leafcutter bee
Hoplitis pilosifrons Leafcutter bee
Hoplitis producta Leafcutter bee
Megachile brevis Leafcutter bee
Megachile centuncularis Leafcutter bee
Megachile frigida Leafcutter bee
Megachile gemula Leafcutter bee
Megachile inermis Leafcutter bee
Megachile latimanus Leafcutter bee
Megachile relativa Leafcutter bee
*Megachile rotundata Leafcutter bee
Osmia lignaria Blue Orchard Bee, Orchid Mason Bee
Osmia sp. Orchard Bee
Pelecinidae Pelecinid wasps
Pelecinus polyturator Pelecinid wasp
Sphecidae Thread-waisted wasps
Ammophila procera Common Thread-waisted Wasp
Chalybion californicum Blue mud dauber
Eremnophila aureonotata Sphecid wasp
Isodontia mexicana Sphecid wasp
Sceliphron caementarium Black and Yellow Mud Dauber
Sphex ichneumoneus Great Golden Digger Wasp , Great Golden Sand Digger
Sphex pensylvanicus Great Black Wasp
Tenthredinidae Common sawflies
*Allantus cinctus Curled Rose Sawfly
Amestastegia pallipes Violet Sawfly
Caliroa obsoleta Sawfly
Dolerus nitens Grass Sawfly
Eutomostethus ephippium Lawn Sawfly
Kaliofenusa ulmi Elm Leafminer Sawfly
Monophadnoides geniculatus Raspberry Sawfly
Tiphiidae Tiphiid wasps
Myzinum quinquecinctum Tiphiid Wasp
Vespidae Yellowjackets, hornets, and their relatives
Ancistrocerus albophaleratus? Mason Wasp
Ancistrocerus unifasciatus? Mason Wasp
Dolichovespula arenaria Aerial Yellowjacket
Dolichovespula maculata Bald-faced hornet
Eumenes fraternus Potter wasp
*Polistes dominula European Paper Wasp
Polistes fuscatus Northern Paper Wasp
Vespula consobrina Blackjacket
Vespula flavopilosa Downy Yellowjacket
*Vespula germanica German Yellowjacket
Vespula maculifrons Eastern Yellowjacket
Vespa cabro European Hornet


  • Waldbauer, Gilbert. 1998. The Handy Bug Answer Book. Visible Ink Press. 308 pp.

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Japanese Beetles (Popillia Japonica) are an invasive species that are now common; photo D. Gordon E. Robertson

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This page was updated on 21 November 2022
© Fletcher Wildlife Garden
Text and photos (except where noted): Christine Hanrahan
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