The summer of 1997 was very dry in our area, underlining the need for us to plant more “pioneer” species in this woodlot. Poplars, birches, aspens, and sumacs are natural colonizers of open fields, and can be found throughout Ottawa’s Greenbelt. Fast-growing stands of these trees provide the partial shade and shelter that “climax” species need.
In May 1998, “our” Scouts planted approximately 40 Green Ash in this area. Most seem to have survived the spring’s severe drought. Trees planted in previous years are now tall enough to be visible above the grass and for the first time the site is beginning to look like a new woodlot.
In 1999, we added several groves of Trembling Aspen and White Birch trees. These species should do well in the open, and grow quickly. We’ve learned from experience that time and care during and immediately after planting can make a big difference in long-term survival and health of the trees we plant. Good topsoil was added around the root ball during planting. Each tree was also generously watered, then mulched with wood chips. Corrugated cardboard also works well to suppress weeds in the immediate area of the trunk. Thanks again to the 27th Ottawa Scouts for their valuable help at the first planting session in the spring.
The Evergreen Woods acts as a buffer between Prince of Wales Drive and the rest of the garden. The natural succession from the pre-existing grasses to scrubland to woodland takes many years. To speed up the transformation, we planted a mixture of red oak, white pine, white spruce, and black walnut. The rough grasses now present provide year-round cover for small mammals and attract some grass-loving butterflies such as skippers and ringlets. The wildlife will change naturally as the grass is superseded by woods.