Red Osier Dogwood / Red Osier
Family: Dogwood (Cornaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden; field north of Old Woodlot; hedgerow; edge of pond
Backyard garden bed: WW
Flowers: small, dull white, with 4 petals
Blooming time: Summer
Height: 2 m
Light requirements: Sun to part shade
Moisture requirements: Moist
Natural habitat: Meadows, swamps. Common in the Ottawa region.
Wildlife use: Ninety species of birds have been recorded using the berries as a food source. Some of these are: Eastern Kingbird, Red-eyed Vireo, Warbling Vireo, Eastern Bluebird, Hermit Thrush, Wood Thrush, American Robin, Gray Catbird, Cedar Waxwing, Brown Thrasher, Northern Cardinal, Evening Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak. Larval food source for Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta). Flowers provide nectar for butterflies.
Notes: Shrub. Has clusters of small white flowers; white berries. Red stems look wonderful in winter garden. Can be heavily pruned for good stem colour.