Trees and shrubs at the FWG

Trees and shrubs at the FWG 2019-10-29T18:32:45+00:00

Family

Common name


Note: * indicates non-native species, † extirpated by disease or cutting in FWG

Coniferous trees and shrubs

Taxaceae

Yews

Taxus cuspidata Japanese Yew*

Pinaceae

Pines

Abies balsamea Balsam Fir
Larix laricina Tamarack, Eastern Larch
Larix decidua European Larch*
Picea glauca White Spruce
Picea mariana Black Spruce
Picea abies Norway Spruce*
Picea pungens Blue Spruce, Colorado Spruce*
Pinus strobus Eastern White Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine*
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine*
Pinus mugo Mountain Pine, Mugo Pine*

Cupressaceae

Cypresses

Juniperus virginiana Red Juniper (Red Cedar)
Juniperus sp. Juniper*
Thuja occidentalis Eastern White Cedar

Buxaceae

Boxwoods

Buxus sempervirens Boxwood*
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Deciduous trees and shrubs

Magnoliaceae

Magnolias

Liriodendron tulifera Tulip Tree
Magnolia kobus Kobus Magnolia*

Salicaceae

Willows

Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood
Populus grandidentata Large-toothed Aspen
Populus tremuloides Trembling Aspen, Quaking Aspen
Salix sp. Willow sp.
Salix discolor Pussy Willow

Juglandaceae

Walnuts and Hickories

Juglans cinerea Butternut and S3 (cultivar)
Juglans nigra Black Walnut
Juglans ailantifolia Japanese Walnut*
Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory

Betulaceae

Birches

Alnus rugosa Speckled Alder
Betula papyrifera Paper Birch
Betula lutea Yellow Birch
Betula pendula European Birch*
Carpinus caroliniana Blue Beech (Musclewood, American Hornbeam)
Corylus cornuta Beaked Hazel
 

Fagaceae

Oaks and Beeches

Fagus grandifolia American Beech
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak
Quercus alba White Oak
Quercus rubra Red Oak
Quercus robor English Oak*

Cannabaceae

Hackberries and allies

Celtis occidentalis Common Hackberry
Celtis sp. Hackberry sp.*

Ulmaceae

Elms

Ulmus americana American Elm
Ulmus pumila Siberian Elm*†
Ulmus thomasii Rock Elm†

Berberidaceae

Barberries

Berberis vulgaris Common Barberry*
Mahonia sp. Mahonia*

Grossulariaceae

Currants

Ribes aureum Golden Currant*
Ribes uva-crispa Gooseberry*

Hamamelidaceae

Witch-hazels

Hamamelis virginiana American Witch-hazel

Rosaceae

Roses

Amelanchier sp. Serviceberry sp.
Crataegus monogyna Oneseed Hawthorn or Common Hawthorn
Crataegus sp. Hawthorn (several species)
Crataegus monogyna English Hawthorn*
Malus sylvestris Crabapple*
Malus domestica (or M. pumila) Domestic Apple*
Physocarpus opulifolius Ninebark
Prunus nigra Canada Plum
Prunus americana American Plum
Prunus pensylvanica Pin Cherry
Prunus serotina Black Cherry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Bitter-berry, Virginia Bird Cherry
Rosa carolina Pasture Rose, Carolina Rose*
Rubus strigosus American Red Raspberry
Rubus odoratus Purple-flowered Raspberry
Sorbus decora Showy Mountain-ash
Sorbus aucuparia European Mountain-ash*
Spiraea alba Meadowsweet

Fabaceae

Beans

Caragana arborescens Pea Shrub*
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust*

Buxaceae

Boxwoods

Buxus sempervirens Boxwood*

Rutaceae

Rues, Citruses

Phellodendron amurense Amur Cork Tree*

Anacardiaceae

Cashews

Rhus typhina Staghorn Sumac

Celastraceae

Bitternut, Staff-trees

Celastrus orbiculata Asian Bittersweet*
Celastrus scandens (American) Bittersweet
Euonymus atropurpureus (Eastern) Wahoo, Burning-bush
Euonymus europaeus European Spindle Tree*

Sapindaceae

Maples

Acer ginnala Amur Maple*
Acer negundo Manitoba Maple / Boxelder Maple*
Acer nigrum Black Maple
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple
Acer platinoides Norway Maple*
Acer rubrum Red Maple
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple
Acer saccharum Sugar maple
 Aesculus sp. Buckeye sp.*

Rhamnaceae

Buckthorns

Rhamnus cathartica Common Buckthorn*
Rhamnus frangula Glossy Buckthorn*

Tiliaceae

Lindens

Tilia americana American Basswood, American Linden
Tilia sp. Linden*

Cornaceae

Dogwood

Cornus alternifolia Alternate-leaved Dogwood
Cornus rugosa Round-leaved Dogwood
Cornus stolonifera Red Osier Dogwood
Cornus racemosa Grey Dogwood

Oleaceae

Olives

Fraxinus americana White Ash†
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash, River Ash, Red Ash
Ligustrum vulgare European Privet
Syringa vulgaris Lilac* (many cultivars)

Caprifoliaceae

Honeysuckles

Lonicera × bella Showy Bush Honeysuckle*
Lonicera morrowii Morrow’s Honeysuckle*
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian Honeysuckle*
Symphoricarpos albus Common Snowberry
Weigela sp. Weigela*

Adoxaceae

Muschatels / Elders / Viburnums

Sambucus canadensis Canada Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry
Viburnum cassinoides Wild Raisin, Witherod
Viburnum lantana Wayfaring Tree*
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry
Viburnum trilobum High-bush Cranberry, American Cranberrybush

Staphyleaceae

Bladdernuts

Staphylea trifolia American Bladdernut
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This page was revised on 25 October 2019
Compiled by Christine Hanrahan and D. Gordon E. Robertson
© Fletcher Wildlife Garden
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